27 – Direct Actions to Consider

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Nonviolent Direct Actions to Consider

from Gene Sharp’s


1. Formal Statements (letters, declarations of support, signed public statements, petitions)

2. Wider Communications (slogans, symbols, leaflets, pamphlets, press, radio, TV releases)

3. Advance Groups (behind the scene meetings, appointments, phone trees, letter writing)

4. Symbolic Public Acts (prayer, worship, symbols, banners, songs, chants, speeches)

5. Pressure on Individuals (vigils, fasts, phone trees, letter campaigns, networking friends)

6. Processions (marches, parades, rallies, pilgrimages, mock funerals, homage at burial sites)

7. Group Actions (sit-ins, stand-ins, pray-ins, non-violent occupations, non-violent obstructions)

8. Social Interventions (overloading facilities, guerrilla theater, stall-ins, speak-ins, filibusters)

9. Delegations (political, religious, scientific, medical authorities to present our case on our behalf)

10. Non-cooperation (boycotts, civil disobedience, arrests, refusing bail, trials, prison time)


Gene Sharp is a primary source for possible nonviolent direct actions. The above samples are in Sharp’s The Methods of Nonviolent Action (from his 3 book series, The Politics of Nonviolent Action, published by Extending Horizons Books, Porter Sargent Publishers, II Beacon St., Boston, MA 02108, 1973. [Available from Fellowship of Reconciliation Press by calling (914) 358-4601 or from Amazon.com]

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